Finding The Equation Of The Line By Using The Slope-Intercept Form And Point-Slope Form

Finding The Equation Of The Line By Using The Slope-Intercept Form And Point-Slope Form

In mathematics and physics, equations of the line are used widely. Equation of the line is very essential in different branches of science and everyday problems. It is that equation in which the degree of each variable is one. This article will discuss the Slope-Intercept And Point-Slope of Linear Equations

The equation of the line can be calculated by using different methods. In this post, we will discuss two methods that are helpful for the calculation of the equation of the line. These methods are a slope-intercept and point-slope form of Linear Equations.

What are slope-intercept form and point-slope form?

The slope-intercept form and the point-slope forms of linear equations are the methods or techniques used to determine the equation of the line. Both methods follow different ways to calculate the line equation. Both methods have one thing in common. They used the slope of the line for the evaluation of the equation of the line.

The first method to find the equation of the line is a slope-intercept form. It follows an equation such as y = mx + b, in this equation x and y are variables, m is the slope of the line, and b is the y-intercept form. if you want to use this method, first of all, you have to calculate the slope of the line by using the given points of the line.

The other method to calculate the equation of the line is the point-slope form. This method follows an equation like y – y1 = m (x – x), in which x and y are variables, m is the slope of the line, and x1 and y1 are the coordinate points of the line.

Like the above method, you have to calculate the slope of the line by using a point-slope form equation to evaluate the equation of the line. Use a point-slope form calculator to get the result of your question according to the above equation.

The equations of both methods are used to find the exact line equation.

How to calculate the equation of the line by using the above methods?

For the calculation of the equation by using the above methods, let us take some examples using the equations of these methods.

Example 1: By Slope-intercept form

Use (13, -12) and (19, 9) points to calculate the equation of the line by using the slope-intercept form?

Solution using the slope-intercept form:

Step 1: First of all, give names to the given points.

X1 = 13, x2 = 19, y1 = -12, y2 = 9

Step 2: Now use the above points to calculate the slope of the line.

Slope = m = y2 – y1 / x2 – x1

Slope = m = 9 – (-12) / 19 – 13

Slope = m = 9 + 12 / 6

Slope = m = 21/6

Slope = m = 3.5

Step 3: Now take the general equation of the slope-intercept form.

y = mx + b

Step 4: Use any pair of the points to get y-intercept of the line.

y = mx + b

19 = 3.5(9) + b

 19 = 31.5 + b

19 – 31.5 = b

-12.5 = b

b = -12.5

Step 5: Now put the calculated y-intercept and the slope in the slope-intercept form equation.

y = mx + b

y = 3.5x – 12.5

This is the required equation of the line.

Example 2: By Slope-intercept form

Use (-3, 2) and (-9, 33) points to calculate the equation of the line by using a slope-intercept form?

Solution using the slope-intercept form:

Step 1: First of all, give names to the given points.

X1 = -3, x2 = -9, y1 = 2, y2 = 33

Step 2: Now use the above points to calculate the slope of the line.

Slope = m = y2 – y1 / x2 – x1

Slope = m = 33 – 2 / -9 – (-3)

Slope = m = 31 / -9 + 3

Slope = m = 31/-6

Slope = m = -5.17

Step 3: Now take the general equation of the slope-intercept form.

y = mx + b

Step 4: Use any pair of the points to get y-intercept of the line.

y = mx + b

2 = -5.17(-3) + b

 2 = 15.51 + b

2 – 15.51 = b

-13.51 = b

b = -13.51

Step 5: Now put the calculated y-intercept and the slope in the slope-intercept form equation.

y = mx + b

y = -5.17x – 13.51

This is the required equation of the line.

Example 3: By point-slope form

Use (23, -2) and (29, 13) points to calculate the equation of the line by using a point-slope form?

Solution using the point-slope form:

Step 1: First of all, give names to the given points.

X1 = 23, x2 = 29, y1 = -2, y2 = 13

Step 2: Now use the above points to calculate the slope of the line.

Slope = m = y2 – y1 / x2 – x1

Slope = m = 13 – (-2) / 29 – 23

Slope = m = 13 + 2 / 6

Slope = m = 15/6

Slope = m = 5/2

Slope = m = 2.5

Step 3: Now take the general equation of the point-slope form.

y – y1 = m (x – x)

Step 4: Put the calculated slope and any pair of set.

y – y1 = m (x – x)

y – (-2) = 2.5(x – 23)

y + 2 = 2.5x – 57.5

y + 2 – 2.5x + 57.5 = 0

y – 2.5x + 59.5 = 0

2.5x – y – 59.5 = 0

Example 4: By point-slope form

Use (43, -21) and (129, 13) points to calculate the equation of the line by using a point-slope form?

Solution using the point-slope form:

Step 1: First of all, give names to the given points.

X1 = 43, x2 = 129, y1 = -21, y2 = 13

Step 2: Now use the above points to calculate the slope of the line.

Slope = m = y2 – y1 / x2 – x1

Slope = m = 13 – (-21) / 129 – 43

Slope = m = 13 + 21 / 86

Slope = m = 34/86

Slope = m = 17/43

Slope = m = 0.3953

Step 3: Now take the general equation of the point-slope form.

y – y1 = m (x – x)

Step 4: Put the calculated slope and any pair of set.

y – y1 = m (x – x)

y – (-21) = 0.3953(x – 43)

y + 21 = 0.3953x – 22.7298

y + 21 – 0.3953x + 22.7298 = 0

y – 0.3953x + 43.7298 = 0

0.3953x – y – 43.7298 = 0

Summary

These two methods are more frequently used to evaluate the equation of the line. From this post, you can grab the basic concepts of these methods and you can easily solve the problems related to this topic.

Summary
Finding The Equation Of The Line By Using The Slope-Intercept Form And Point-Slope Form
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Finding The Equation Of The Line By Using The Slope-Intercept Form And Point-Slope Form
Description
Slope-Intercept And Point-Slope are part of the 3 major forms in linear equations and are more frequently used to evaluate the equation of the line. Both methods follow different ways to calculate the line equation. You will learn in this article how to grab the basic concepts of these methods
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